A big question for those with existing diabetes, or have been diagnosed with prediabetes, is if exercising regularly can help. The short answer is yes!
Let’s start with what types of diabetes exist. The three main types are: Type 1 diabetes, which has insulin deficiency. Typically occurring more rapidly in youth than in adults. Type 2 diabetes which, has progressive loss of insulin secretion, usually with insulin resistance. Prediabetes, which is diagnosed when blood glucose levels are above the normal range, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
According to the American Diabetes Association, exercise improves blood glucose control in Type 2 diabetes, reduces cardiovascular risk factors, contributes to weight loss, and improves overall well-being. Regular exercise may prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes development.
Exercise also has considerable health benefits for those with Type 1 diabetes; helping cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, and insulin sensitivity, to name a few.
Aerobic exercise, your cardiovascular endurance work, is beneficial to reduce insulin resistance. Resistance training is wonderful because diabetes can cause an accelerated decline in muscle strength and functional status. Therefore, resistance training improves muscle mass, strength, body composition, and insulin sensitivity. Balance training and stretching help improve flexibility and joint mobility.
What else can be done? Small bouts of light activity every 30 minutes for blood glucose benefits. This helps prevent sedentary behavior. And this is in addition to structured exercise and movement, 30 minutes daily recommended.
Exercise is very beneficial for those living with diabetes or prediabetes. All forms, getting your movement in each day, is great for you in every way!
Stay happy & healthy & confident always!